Saturday, January 9, 2016

Christmas Bible Study: "The Prophecy of the Messiah" Sharing

My Answers to Questions:

 

1).       How many time Jesus was referred to as the "Son of Man" in the Old Testament? (88 times)

2).       What does Daniel 7:13-14 say?

"I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.

14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed."

3).       What title do the Son of Man have?

The description "Son of Man" was a Messianic title.

4).       Give a second meaning of the phrase "Son of Man.

A second meaning of the phrase "Son of Man" is that Jesus was truly a human being.

5).       How was Jesus the "Son of David"?

Christ (the Messiah) was the fulfillment of the prophecy of the seed of David (2 Samuel 7:14–16). Jesus is the promised Messiah, which means He had to be of the lineage of David. (Matthew 1) gives the genealogical proof that Jesus, in His humanity, was a direct descendant of Abraham and David through Joseph, Jesus' legal father.        

6).       When people referred to Jesus as the "Son of David," what did they mean?

When people referred to Jesus as the Son of David, they meant that He was the long-awaited Deliverer, the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies.

7).       What do the title "Son of David" declares?

The titles of honor they gave Him declared their faith in Him. Calling Him "Lord" expressed their sense of His deity, dominion, and power, and calling Him "Son of David," expressed their faith that He was the Messiah.
8).      Describe what the sect of the Pharisees believed.

The Pharisees believed that people have free will but that God also has foreknowledge of human destiny. They believe in the resurrection of the dead. In contrast to the Sadducees, the Pharisees were mostly middle-class businessmen, and therefore were in contact with the common man. The Pharisees were held in much higher esteem by the common man than the Sadducees. Though they were a minority in the Sanhedrin and held a minority number of positions as priests, they seemed to control the decision making of the Sanhedrin far more than the Sadducees did, again because they had the support of the people.

9).       What was Jesus' point in asking the question in Mark 12:35?

"And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David?Jesus' point in asking the question of Mark 12:35 was that the Messiah is more than the physical son of David. If He is David's Lord, He must be greater than David. As Jesus says in Revelation 22:16 "I am the Root and the Offspring of David." That is, He is both the Creator of David and the Descendant of David. Only the Son of God made flesh could say that.

10).    Why is Jesus called the "Son of Man"?    

He was called the son of man, because He was born of a virgin. He had a human father but he didn't have sex with this virgin until Jesus was conceived. He was conceived of the Holy Spirit in the virgin Mary. Thus he is human—fully human.

11).     What is the common understanding of "Son of Man"?

The common understanding is that "Son of God" implies his deity—which it does—and that "Son of Man" implies his humanity, which it does too. He was a son of man, that is, a human being. And he is the Son of God, in that he has always existed as the Eternally Begotten One who comes forth from the Father forever.

12).     How did Jesus refer to Himself most often in the Gospel?

He calls himself Son of Man very often. I think the reason he did so is because, on the face of it, Son of Man is an ordinary phrase for "human being." He was born of a man. And there's no offense there: who isn't a son of man? But those with ears to hear could hear (Daniel 7), in which he was claiming a very exalted role in the history of redemption.

13).     How did Jesus answer them when they asked, "Are you the Christ, the Son of the living God?"

"I am, and you will see the Son of Man coming with great power and glory." So he confessed his open deity right at the point where he knew he would be crucified for it. "Son of Man" has the double meaning of human being and, according to Daniel 7, exalted heavenly one. And Jesus means to communicate both of those.

14).     Read Daniel chapter seven (7).

I did! I love reading this book.

15).     Explain this week's background scripture. (Matthew 9:6) "But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed, and go unto thine house." It would therefore appear as though our Lord wished to call the attention of those present to a phrase which they already knew, but did not rightly understand. He seems to point them to Daniel 7:13, and reminding them that even there "one like unto the son of man" receives authority, tells them that this authority includes forgiving sins, and that this may be exercised not only in the future and in "the clouds of heaven," but now and "on earth." 

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