The Heart of a Warrior "the Life of David"
Bethlehem: City of David in Jerusalem.
REFERENCED IN THE BIBLE:
King David's story runs from 1 Samuel 16 through 1 Kings 2. David wrote much of the book of Psalms and is also mentioned in Matthew 1:1, 6, 22, 43-45; Luke 1:32; Acts13:22; Romans 1:3; and Hebrews 11:32.
Shepherd, Warrior, and King of Israel:
Father - Jesse
Brothers - Eliab, Abinadab, Shammah, four unnamed others.
Wives - Michal, Ahinoam, Abigail, Maacah, Haggith, Abital, Eglah, Bathsheba.
Sons - Amnon, Daniel, Absalom, Adonijah, Shephatiah, Ithream, Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, Ibhar, Elishua, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, Eliphelet.
Daughter - Tamar
1 Samuel 16:7
"The LORD does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart." (NIV)
1 Samuel 17:50
So David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone; without a sword in his hand he struck down the Philistine and killed him. (NIV)
1 Samuel 30:6
David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoning him; each one was bitter in spirit because of his sons and daughters. But David found strength in the LORD his God. (NIV)
2 Samuel 12:12-13
Then David said to Nathan, "I have sinned against the LORD." Nathan replied, "The LORD has taken away your sin. You are not going to die. But because by doing this you have shown utter contempt for the LORD, the son born to you will die." (NIV)
Surely your goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever. (NIV)
We can learn a lot from the life of David. He was a man after God's own heart (; )! We are first introduced to David after Saul, at the insistence of the people, was made king ( , ). This choice of king, or even having an earthly king at all, was against the will of God, and although Saul was anointed by God through Samuel, he did not measure up as God's king. While King Saul was making one mistake on top of another, God sent Samuel to find His chosen shepherd, David, the son of Jesse ( , ). David was believed to be 12-16 years of age when he was called in from tending his father's sheep to be anointed as the true king of Israel. As soon as the anointing oil flowed down David's head the Spirit of the Lord departed from King Saul ( ). The fact that evil spirits were tormenting Saul brought David into the king's service ( ). Saul was pleased with young David, but this feeling vanished quickly as David rose in strength to slay the Philistine giant, Goliath, and win the overwhelming favor of the people ( ). The chant in the camp of Saul was taunting as the people sang out the praises of David and demeaned their king, causing a raging jealousy in Saul that never subsided ( ).
If you or someone you know has eked his way through life amid strife, conflict and continuous battles, then you might understand how David lived and felt throughout his lifetime. Although Saul never stopped pursuing him with the intent to kill him, David never raised a hand against his king and God's anointed (, ). He did, however, raise up a mighty army and with power from God defeated everyone in his path, always asking God first for permission and instructions before going into battle ( , ). Throughout the life of David, God honored and rewarded this unconditional obedience of His servant and gave him success in everything he did ( ).
David mourned King Saul's death and put to death the one claiming responsibility for Saul's death (). Only after Saul's death was David anointed king over the house of Judah ( ), and even then he had to fight against the house of Saul before being anointed king over Israel at the age of thirty ( ). Now king, David conquered Jerusalem and became more and more powerful because the Lord Almighty was with him ( ). David was so enthralled with bringing the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem that he omitted some of God's instructions on how to transport the Ark and who was to carry it. This resulted in the death of Uzzah who, amid all the celebrations, reached out to steady the Ark, and God struck him down and he died there beside it ( ). In fear of the Lord, David abandoned the moving of the Ark for three months and let it rest in the house of Obed-Edom ( ).
After the Ark was in its rightful place, David decided to build a temple of the Lord around it (). Because of David's bloody, battle-scarred record as well as his adulterous relationship with Bathsheba and the slaying of her husband, God denied his otherwise faithful servant the honor of building the temple, the house of the Lord ( ). This was surely a blow to David, but God assured him He would continue to make his name the greatest on the earth and forever establish the throne of David through David's son, Solomon. Instead of being angry with God and having a pity party, David sat before the Lord, praising Him and thanking Him for all the many blessings he had received in his life ( ).
David's battles did not end with his kingship but continued with the surrounding nations and within his own household. Throughout the life of David, His sons connived and conspired to take control of the kingdom and they, as did Saul, threatened their own father's life. And as with the death of Saul, David mourned the death of his beloved son Absalom, showing a passionate and forgiving heart (2 Samuel chapters 15-18). David's broken heart and contrite spirit are what brought him the forgiveness of God and are what will bring him back to be the prince of Christ during Christ's millennial reign.
The Lord choses David to be king
1 Sam 16.1-13
David plays the harp for king Saul
1 Sam 16.14-23
David kills Goliath
1 Sam 17.1-54
Saul becomes jealous of David
1 Sam 18.6-30
David's marriage to Michal
1 Sam 18.20-28; 19.9-17; 2 Sam 6.20-23
David's friendship with Jonathan
1 Sam 18.1-4; 20.1-42; 23.14-18; 2 Sam 1.1-27
David meets and marries Abigail
1 Sam 25.1-44
David becomes king of Judah
2 Sam 2.1-7
David becomes king of Israel
2 Sam 5.1-5; 1 Chronicles 11.1-3
David captures Jerusalem
2 Sam 5.6-12; 1 Chronicles 11.4-9; 14.1-2
David brings the sacred chest to Jerusalem
2 Sam 6.1-19; 1 Chronicles 13.1-14; 15.1—16.43
David and Bathsheba
2 Sam 11.1--12.25
Solomon is born
2 Sam 12.24,25
Absalom rebels against his father David
2 Sam 15.1-12
Absalom dies and David mourns
2 Sam 18.7--19.8
David counts the people
2 Sam 24.1-25
David gives instructions to his son Solomon
1 Kings 2.1-9
1 Kings 2.10-12
Week # 1 PART 2: The Beginning of David's life:
In , David's thoughts turn to building a . The king sent for the prophet and said, "Here I am, living in a house of cedar, while the ark of the covenant of the Lord is under a tent." The discrepancy bothered David. Why should the king's house be a palace, while the house of God was just a tent?
At first, Nathan encouraged to follow through on his desire to build a temple for the Lord (). Yet that night the word of the Lord came to Nathan, changing their plans: "Go and tell my servant David, 'This is what the Lord says: You are not the one to build me a house to dwell in'" (verse 4). God then points out that, in all the long history of the tabernacle, He never once rebuked Israel's leaders for not building a permanent temple (verses 5–6). Rather than David building a temple, God decided to allow David's son to oversee this work (verses 11–12).
In response, David offered a prayer of praise: "You, Lord, are God! You have promised these good things to your servant. Now you have been pleased to bless the house of your servant, that it may continue forever in your sight; for you, Lord, have blessed it, and it will be blessed forever" (). David considered God's word as a tremendous blessing that affirmed his son would also serve as king.
sheds some light on God's decision not to allow David to build the temple: "You have shed much blood and have fought many wars. You are not to build a house for my Name, because you have shed much blood on the earth in my sight." David's background of shedding blood in times of war was God's reason for choosing David's son instead (see also ). God wanted a man of peace to construct the temple, not a man of war. His house was to be "a house of prayer for all nations" ().
Since David was forbidden from building the temple himself, he helped to gather materials and prepare the plans for the temple's construction. He said to , "I have taken great pains to provide for the temple of the Lord a hundred thousand talents of gold, a million talents of silver, quantities of bronze and iron too great to be weighed, and wood and stone. And you may add to them. You have many workers: stonecutters, masons and carpenters, as well as those skilled in every kind of work in gold and silver, bronze and iron—craftsmen beyond number. Now begin the work, and the Lord be with you" ().
Solomon faithfully fulfilled this command during his reign, leading Israel to the height of world power. David's desire to build a house for the Lord was noble, but God had other plans. David's reaction to God's nixing his plan is a model for us. When things do not go as we planned—when God closes a door—we should continue to praise the Lord and then move on in a new direction. Rather than complain about what we can't do, we should do what we can, giving God the glory.
The story of David and Goliath () is a factual account from biblical history that demonstrates how the Lord intercedes for His people. David was a shepherd, the youngest of the eight sons of Jesse of Bethlehem. King Saul and his men were battling the Philistines, one of which was a . The men of Saul's army were afraid of Goliath, and there was no one to stand up to him. But David, filled with faith and a passion for God's name which was being blasphemed by Goliath, slew Goliath with a stone and a sling. Then he cut off Goliath's head with the giant's own sword. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled before the Israelites, who had a great victory over them.
An important point in this story is that Goliath was taunting the sovereign Lord of the universe. He was challenging God's people to stand up to him and demonstrate that their God was more powerful than he was. Until David came into the Israelite camp, there was no one who was willing to step out in faith and face the giant. However, David's faith was so strong that he was willing to believe that the Lord would go with him and enable him to defeat Goliath (). David's faith was born out of his experience of God's grace and mercy in his life up to that point. The Lord had delivered him out of dangerous situations in the past, proving His power and trustworthiness, and David relied on Him to deliver him from the Philistine.
From the story of David and Goliath, we can learn that the God we serve is capable of defeating any of the giants in our lives—fear, depression, financial issues, doubts of faith—if we know Him and His nature well enough to step out in faith. When we do not know what the future holds, we have to trust Him. But we can't trust someone we don't know, so knowing God through His Word will build our faith in Him.
As Christians who have trusted Christ as the only way to heaven (), our battle with the giants in our lives will result in victory if we cling by faith to God and His power. The illustration of David and Goliath is only one of many examples of the supernatural power of our Lord. He cares deeply for His children and wants only our best. Sometimes that involves trials and battles, but these are ultimately for our good and His glory. James tells us to consider it pure joy when we encounter trials because they test our faith and develop patience and perseverance (). When we are tested by these trials, we can, in the power of the Lord, stand up against any giant, trusting our Savior to win the victory.
Some presume that David took five smooth stones instead of just one because he had some doubt. However, there is no indication in the story of David and Goliath that by picking up five smooth stones instead of one that David was doubting God. Rather, David was simply being prepared. What if the Philistines attacked him after he killed Goliath? How would he have defended himself? David was simply being prepared when he took the four additional stones. Also, he couldn't have known that one stone would be enough to kill the giant. God had not promised that David would kill Goliath with the first stone.
David had experience in defending the sheep he guarded with his sling and stones. It would seem that the animals David had faced were far braver than the men with Goliath, because they all turned and ran away (). David told Goliath that he (Goliath) came with spear and sword, but his weapon was God the Father (). He trusted God with all his heart, believing that God would tell him exactly what to do and how. And so He did.9
Others speculate that David chose five smooth stones because Goliath had four brothers, and David was readying himself to dispatch all five giants. This theory is based on . That passage lists four very large Philistines who were related to Goliath in some way: Ishbi-benob, Saph, Goliath, and an unnamed giant with six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot. "These four were born to the giant in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants" (). The account of does not suggest that David knew about Goliath's brothers or that he believed he would have to fight the whole family. What we know for sure is that David and his men faced four other giants, somehow related to Goliath, in later battles.
David's faith was in the Lord, and he knew from experience God's faithfulness. David's faith was born out of his experience of God's grace and mercy in his life up to that point. The Lord had delivered him out of dangerous situations in the past, proving His power and trustworthiness, and David relied on Him to deliver him from the Philistine. Whether it took one stone or five, David recognized that the power was not in his sling but in the Lord of hosts. As David wrote later in , "Be exalted, O LORD, in your strength; we will sing and praise Your might."
Father God, we ask for strength to stay the course in our lives through all our trials and tribulations. Stay faithful to You, Lord. Always abiding in faith in You. Teach us this day our daily bread, (Word). Let this study bring us closer to You for Your glory in our hearts, so we can have a heart like Yours. AMEN.
QUIZ Week # 1
1. Who was David's father?
2. Which prophet anointed David as king?
3. Which of these was not a wife of David?
4. Where was David anointed as king of Israel?
5. How old was David when he first began to reign over Judah?
6. Who was David's first wife?
7. Which of David's sons tried to overthrow and kill him?
Weekly Psalm of King David: Psalm 23
The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.
4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.
In this study we will also read the book of Proverbs to self-examine ourselves for God's work in our life, and as a prayer warrior to be strong in the Lord, and in the power of His might. David did!
Weekly Reading Assignment: Proverbs 1-4